|National motto: Xxxxx|
|Capital||Yangôn (FKA Rangoon)|
|Capital's coordinates||16° 46' N, 96° 10' E|
|Chairman, State Peace and Development Council||Sr. Gen. Than Shwe|
|Prime Minister||Khin Nyunt|
- % water
- Total (2003)
- Total (Year)
xxx,xxx millions $
|Time zone||UTC +6:30 (DST, yes or not)|
|From the UK
January 4, 1948
|National anthem||Gba Majay Bma (We Shall Love Burma)|
|Internet TLD||.MM (formerly .BU)|
Table of contents
HistoryMain article: History of Myanmar
Previously an independent kingdom, in 1886 Burma was annexed by the British Empire to the colony of India. The Japanese Empire invaded and occupied the country during World War 2 but was eventually liberated.
In 1948 the nation became sovereign, as the Union of Burma, with Saw Shwe Thaik as the first President. Democratic rule eneded in 1962 with a military coup led by General Ne Win. Win ruled for nearly 20 years, bringing in harsh Marxist reforms.
In 1990 free elections were held, but were voided by the military, which refused to step down.
PoliticsMain article: Politics of Myanmar
Burma has been under military rule since 1988. The current head of state is General Than Shwe who holds the title of "Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council." His appointed Prime Minister is Khin Nyunt. Almost all cabinet offices are held by military officers.
Aung San Suu Kyi, who was elected Prime Minister in 1990 yet prevented by military from taking office, has earned international praise as an activist for democratic rule to return to Myanmar. She has been repeatedly placed under house arrest, although in recent years the regime has been willing to enter partial negoiations with her and her party, the National League for Democracy.
Administrative divisionsMain article: Administrative divisions of Myanmar
Myanmar is divided into 7 divisions and 7 states.
GeographyMain article: Geography of Myanmar
EconomyMain article: Economy of Myanmar
DemographicsMain article: Demographics of Myanmar
CultureMain article: Culture of Myanmar
(see also: music of Myanmar)
- Communications in Myanmar
- Foreign relations of Myanmar
- Military of Myanmar
- Myanmar Baptist Convention
- Transportation in Myanmar
- Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.
- Political Prisons and Political Protest